Nicknamed “Roosevelt’s Tree Army,” the Civilian Conservation Corps, established by Congress in 1933, was one of Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s New Deal programs intended to ameliorate the massive unemployment plaguing the U.S. during the Great Depression. Roosevelt also was concerned about the condition of the nation’s environment, as floods, soil erosion, and deforestation ravaged the countryside and the Dust Bowl shrouded the prairie states with dark clouds of dirt. Roosevelt hoped that the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) would help to solve both of these problems. By 1942, over three million men had served in the Corps, sent to camps from Virginia to New Mexico to plant trees, fight forest fires, and build campgrounds and other facilities and infrastructure.