Tonto National Monument
Situated within rugged terrain in the northeastern Sonoran Desert, Tonto National Monument preserves cliff dwellings and other prehistoric archeological sites. For 300 years, a vast culture lived in the arid environment of the Tonto Basin. The cliff dwellings, built over 1,000 feet above the valley floor, represent the final phase of occupation in this area. The river valley is now covered by Roosevelt Lake. From the valley rising 2,000 feet to the mountain tops, spreading through open areas, sheltered among rocks, nestled in canyons, and hidden among washes are different local environments, each with its own wildlife community. This is the tremendous diversity and interconnection of life that is the Sonoran Desert.
Tonto National Monument is also part of the American Southwest Virtual Museum, a digital repository of photographs, maps, information, and virtual tours.