Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument

The Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument consists of three units, Abo, Quarai, and Gran Quivira, in central New Mexico. The monument is an important area of cultural resources associated with the prehistoric Native American pueblos and Franciscan mission ruins. The overlap of two cultures and societies, the Ancestral Puebloans and Mogollon peoples, are represented in the Pueblo ruins at the monument. By the 1600s, the area was an important part of the Pueblo world and a major trade center of the Native American communities of Tiwa and Tompiro. The arrival of the Franciscan missionaries led to a series of conflicts, which, combined with drought and epidemics, resulted in the abandonment of the site during the 1670s.