Pecos National Historical Park
Twelve thousand years of history is preserved at Pecos NHP, including the ancient pueblo of Pecos, Colonial Missions, Santa Fe Trail sites, the 20th century ranch history of Forked Lightning Ranch, and the site of the Civil War Battle of Glorieta Pass. At midpoint in a passage through the southern Sangre de Cristo Mountains, the ruins of the Pecos pueblo and Spanish mission share a small ridge. In 1450, Pecos pueblo had become a frontier fortress five stories high with a population of over 2,000. The village commanded the trade path between Pueblo farmers of the Rio Grande and tribes who hunted the buffalo plains.