Navajo National Monument
Navajo National Monument is located in north central Arizona within the Navajo Nation. The monument was established in 1909 to preserve some of the largest, most intact Ancestral Puebloan structures in the Southwest. The monument was decreased in size a few years later to form three separate units— Betatakin, Keet Seel, and Inscription House. The cliff dwellings and associated artifacts are from the Tsegi Phase (1250-1300 A.D.) and represent adaptations of the Kayenta Ancestral Puebloan people from their agricultural life in open valleys to the canyon environment. Among the monument’s other cultural resources are petroglyphs and pictographs. Other notable aspects of the monument are the units’ remoteness, the unusual or unique habitats present, and the presence of nesting habitat for the Mexican spotted owl.
Navajo National Monument is also part of the American Southwest Virtual Museum, a digital repository of photographs, maps, information, and virtual tours.