El Morro National Monument
A feature of El Morro National Monument, in western New Mexico, is the sandstone monolith known as Inscription Rock. Inscription Rock, rising more than 60 meters above its surroundings, contains hundreds of inscriptions of Spanish explorers and early American immigrants and settlers. At the cliff base of Inscription Rock is a natural catchment basin that was used as a water source by Native Americans and travelers. Pre-Columbian petroglyphs and Pueblo Indian ruins also occur within the monument, established in 1906. Two of the most significant prehistoric pueblo sites in the monument, A’ts’ina (which is a part of the Zuni Indian tradition and folklore) and North Ruin, sit atop El Morro Rock. Most of the monument’s archeological sites were constructed in the 1200s and abandoned in the next century.
El Morro National Monument is also part of the American Southwest Virtual Museum, a digital repository of photographs, maps, information, and virtual tours.