Chiricahua National Monument
Chiricahua National Monument’s forest of rock spires was eroded from layers of ash deposited by the Turkey Creek Volcano eruption 27 million years ago. Other natural features related to the geology of the monument include shallow caves, faults, mountain formations, soils, the Turkey Creek Caldera, and lava flows. Although water flows only intermittently on the surface, the monument contains all or parts of five major watersheds in the the northern Chiricahua Mountains. Rich in diversity, the monument boasts many plant communities, including grasslands, deciduous and evergreen forests, scrublands, and deserts. Of the monument’s 11,985 acres, 9,437 are classified as wilderness.
Chiricahua National Monument is also part of the American Southwest Virtual Museum, a digital repository of photographs, maps, information, and virtual tours.